photo_kumakura

Arts Management

KUMAKURA
Sumiko

熊倉純子

The flows of capital have retreated from countless local towns in Japan. In these contemporary circumstances, how can art touch people’s lives?

Since the late 20th century, across a number of locations around the world, a new field of study has emerged. This is a field of study in which art, and movements toward social change work in tandem with each other. For various artistic forms in Japan, these shifts––often toward social practices––have become a particularly pronounced social phenomenon that influences artistic practice and cultural policy.

Certain issues in Japan, have meant that ideas around “art” are unable to be tackled through the application of western, modernist notions of art; notions that disregard art’s social implications. This problematic, has made the establishment of new approaches to thinking about “art” particularly urgent.

The curriculum for my research laboratory places its point of departure within this problematic. During the course, while learning about basic theories of arts management, students will engage in practical attempts to manage art projects, as well as develop discourses based on these practical projects.

The aim of this course is to cultivate graduates who are capable of contributing to both artistic practice and cultural policy. Our goal is to develop graduates’ analytical thinking, through experiences such as the planning and management of projects as well as through fieldwork. This fieldwork crosses various artistic genres and can overlap with other areas and fields of study such as local culture, the everyday lives of locals citizens; as well as education, welfare, and the economy.

——
KUMAKURA Sumiko
Dean of the Graduate School of Global Arts; Professor in Art Management and Cultural Policy Studies. BA in Université de Paris X, MA in Keio University (Art History and Aesthetics). Producer of numerous regional art projects such as the Toride Art Project, Kitamoto Vitamin, and Art Access Adachi: Downtown Senju––Connecting through Sound Art. She is also an adviser on cultural policy for the Agency for Cultural Affairs and the Tokyo Metropolitan Government.

photo_minoguchi

Arts Management

MINOGUCHI
Kazumi

箕口一美

Arts appreciation and its advocacy in the 21st century are now facing intricate transition. It is simply because erosion of the existing media that create and communicate value and evaluation of arts is quickly in progress, and as what has been brought about by this erosion, the lapse between creators and those who appreciate any arts forms impairs a constructive and cooperative relationship between the both.

This confusion, however, reveals at the same time that now any art forms having their anchors in the western world no longer can claim their superiority over other parts of the globe. Value and creation of the arts are made relieved from the 19th century style leash of the western world.

This is my understanding on what is going on with arts, especially with music today. From the cradle to the grave, this music is our music, not “theirs,” “imported,” “imposed” or “brainwashing.”

To enhance the human infrastructure vitalizing the synergy of each arts sectors (theaters / concert halls/ higher education/philanthropic fund / artists / audience), the roles of arts management are being intensified, and its expertly trained practitioners are mandatory for facilitation of arts activities. Music requires them most, because it is essential need for both artists and audience to properly prepare an ideal place, equipment and environment for live performance by certain period of day and time so that the both can encounter creative moments at highest standard.

I sincerely hope that this new school will be a place for those who are young and earnest to be experts of directing performance institutions and venues. With the sense of balancing creation and administration, I believe it is the mission, mine and yours, to create the Asian arena of music and musicians that consists of the global community of music on an equal basis.

Kazumi W. Minoguchi

——
MINOGUCHI Kazumi
Lecturer in Music and Performing Arts Management. As a Project Coordinator and an ex-Programming Director of Suntory Hall since 2008, Minoguchi has a long experience in artistic programming and administration at performing arts venues; Casals Hall (1987-2000), the Dai-ichi Seimei Hall (2001-2008) and Suntory Hall (2008-present). Expertise of concept making and program building for chamber music, Kazumi designed and launched Suntory Hall Chamber Music Garden in 2011. She is also one of the earliest advocates of community engagement programs with musicians in Japan, and the founding coordinator of the Revitalization Project for Public Concert Venues operated by the Japan Foundation for Regional Art-Activities. Career development of young musicians is one of her life-long interests; she was a lecturer at the Tokyo National University of Arts (the Geidai) researching the career management of young performers (2006-2009). In April 2014 she joined the Music Research Centre of Ueno Gakuen University for the study of music workshop facilitation. She translated and edited for Japanese readers “Beyond Talent-Creating a Successful Career in Music” by Angela M. Beeching. Born in Yokohama in 1960, she graduated the International Christian University, majoring in the Greek and Latin Literature.

photo_hasegawa

Curation

HASEGAWA
Yuko

長谷川祐子

Curatorial practice is a practical criticism. As an act bridging theory and practice, it entails observing and interpreting works of art as well as various forms of cultural and social phenomena in order to produce an exhibition. It is simultaneously the production of art history and knowledge; and the practice of creating an opportunity for viewers to produce new knowledge and sensibilities. In short, the job of a curator is to interpret and communicate artworks and to transpose artworks across different cultural contexts. It is also necessary for a curator to realize that misunderstandings which arise from the cross-context transposition of artworks are not always mistakes but can in fact, produce new interpretations. Exhibitions create a mutual relationship promoting growth in both the viewers and the art itself.

At the Graduate School of Global Arts, we will explore new art history, art theory, curation, and institutional theory with a focus on museums. Through the deconstruction of cultural norms that largely belong to the ‘western’ regime, we will analyze art movements that have taken place in Asia, South America and Africa since 1990. Through our curatorial practice, we will then produce new discourses and institutional models concerning these art movements. In order to grasp a general overview of this process, guest speakers will be invited from abroad, with three planned for the first year. These will be Professor Bruno Latour of Sciences Po Paris and Dr. Anselm Franke, Head of Visual Arts and Film at Haus der Kulturen der Welt, Berlin. Professor Bruno Latour is a philosopher, anthropologist and sociologist of science, who has critically re-examined subject-oriented modernism, and Anselm Franke, a curator and art critic, will run a curatorial workshop that integrates research and curatorial practice.

In the second year, we plan to have guest lectures from specialists in non-western cultures. In addition, we intend to invite Asian and African art specialists, including artists, to give lectures at intervals throughout the year. The GA institute is situated in the center of Tokyo, with easy access to innumerable local and international exhibitions and projects featuring art, design and fashion. The institute is also blessed with an abundance of material with which to carry out research into the visual arts; both historical and contemporary. At GA, students will be able to have first-hand experience of every aspect of art’s production process, ranging from the production of traditional arts; such as performance, crafts and ceramics, to the latest production developments in design, architecture and media imaging.

The course will include a practical component involving the actual planning of an exhibition. This will start with research and discussion concerning a variety of exhibitions. It will be followed by the organizing of talks, the production of catalogues and other printed matter, and related preparation for an exhibition. In combination with instruction concerning research and management, the role of this graduate course is to produce a new discourse that originates from Asia; creating new audiences and cultivating the next generation of world-class curators, critics and art historians.

——
HASEGAWA Yuko
Professor in Curatorial Studies; Artistic Director of the Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo. MA in Art History and Aesthetics at the Tokyo University of the Arts. Since 2008, she has been a member of the Asian Art Council at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum (New York). She is a curator for New Sensorium in Infosphere -Exit from Failture of Modernism to be held at ZKM | Center for Art and Media Karlsruhe, Germany (2016). She is Artistic Director of Inujima Art House Project (2011-present) and Curator for Art Basel in Hong Kong Encounters (2012-14). Her recent projects include BUNNY SMACH – design to touch the world (2013) at Museum of Contemporary Art Tokyo, and Trans Cool Tokyo (2010-11) at Singapore Art Museum. At the 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art, Kanazawa where she was appointed as Founding Artistic Director, she curated Matthew Barney: Drawing Restraint (2005). She was Curator of the 11th Sharjah Biennial (2013), Artistic Advisor of the12th Venice Architectural Biennale (2010), Co-Curator of the 29th São Paulo Biennial (2010), Commissioner of Japanese Pavilion of the 50th Venice Biennale (2003), Co-Curator of the 4th Shanghai Biennale (2002) and Artistic Director of the 7th International Istanbul Biennial (2001). Her publications include Modern Women: Women Artists at the Museum of Modern Art (Museum of Modern Art, 2010) and Kazuyo Sejima + Ryue Nishizawa: SANAA (Phaidon Press, 2006).

photo_sumitomo

Curation

SUMITOMO
Fumihiko

住友文彦

The curator, in my view, forms and cultivates connections with others and their activities, and compels us to grapple with questions that lack clear answers. The interests of a curator then, perhaps resemble the concerns of artists in their practice.
Practicing as a curator, requires an ability to acquire knowledge from multiple disciplines in order to uncover more about the human condition and material culture. As a practice, it may not then be appropriate to describe curating as an occupation, but rather as an attitude or way of life.
Looking back over the last century, I am aware that a wide range of art forms have influenced my practice. These influences have not only been in visual art, but also in film, music, performance and architecture. Towards the end of the 1990s with the emergence of computer and video art, I developed an interest in new media and organized exhibitions related to this medium. Other exhibitions I organised at this time were also based on my research into the pioneers within the new media movement and connected avant-garde movements.
Recently, while working on a project involving the establishment of a new museum, I personally witnessed the impact of the project on the local community. There seems to have been a tangible change in the values in society and in the tendencies of stake holders. These changes have enabled public policy and funds to support forms of community out-reach art projects that help develop connections between museums and the people in their local regions. Today we witness similar changes in many regions throughout Asia.

Since my work as curator began, some sizable shifts have taken place in the geopolitics of the art world. The centre seems to have pivoted away from Western Europe. Artists and artworks from Eastern Europe, China and Asian countries such as South Korea have become increasingly influential.
What then, does it mean to use the word “global” in our age? Although older, hierarchical norms seem to dominate global culture and the market, in reality the ground is shifting. It seems to me, that the role of our new postgraduate course is to attempt to read the shifts and quakes in this geopolitical terrain.

——
SUMITOMO Fumihiko
Associate Professor in Curatorial Studies; Director of Arts Maebashi. MA in Cultural Studies, Graduate School Arts and Science, University of Tokyo. BA in Art History, University of Tokyo. As a senior curator at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo (MOT), he curated the exhibition Tadashi Kawamata: Walkway (2008) and he also worked for NTT InterCommunication Center [ICC] in Tokyo, where he organized exhibitions, Art Meets Media: Adventure in Perception (2005) and Possible Futures: Japanese Postwar Art and Technology (2005). He was also a Co-Curator of the Aichi Triennale 2013 (Nagoya), Beautiful New World: Contemporary Visual Culture from Japan (“798” Dashanzi Art District and Guangdong Museum of Art, Beijing, 2007) and Media_City Seoul 2010, and was the Artistic Director of Festival for Arts and Social Technology Yokohama [CREAM] 2009 and curator for Beppu Art Project 2012. He co-edited the book, From Postwar to Postmodern, Art in Japan 1945-1989: Primary Documents (Museum of Modern Art, New York / Duke University Press, 2012).

photo_edagawa

Research

EDAGAWA
Akitoshi

枝川明敬

Participation in cultural activities and having a familiarity with art has value that is often derived from time spent enjoying the “consumption process”. These activities are in conflict with what we might call “time rationalism” or the rational management of time within economic activities that is discussed in Max Weber’s ‘The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism’.
All this considered; it is important that spectators and audiences can participate in artistic activities without concern for the egoistic intentions of the artist.
It is with these contexts, that I hope we can examine the relations between culture and society.

——
EDAGAWA Akitoshi
Professor in Cultural Policy Studies; Cultural Economist. Obtained BE (Applied Chemistry) at the Nagoya University, Master of Economics at the University of Tsukuba, Doctor of Engineering in Architectonics at the Nagoya University. After working at various organization as cultural resource specialist, such as Officer at the Ministry of Education; Director of the Culture Promotion Office at the Agency for Cultural Affairs; Associate Professor of the Graduate school of Policy Studies at the Saitama University; Councilor of the Higher Education Dept. of the Ministry of Education; Associate Professor of the National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies; Associate Professor of the National Institute of Informatics and Professor at the Nagoya University, he is currently a Professor of the Graduate School of Global Art Studies and Curatorial Practices at the Tokyo University of the Arts. He is the member of: Japan Association for Cultural Economics; The Japan Society of Regional Science,; The Regional Science Association International; Japan Association for Planning Administration; International Cultural Policy Research
Publications. His publication includes: Management & Policy of Arts; Cultural Promotion Theory; Theoretical Outline of Culture Policy; COMPARING Cultural Policy (Altamila: CA.); Museum Policy Theory; Theory of Culture Hall; Theoretical Outline of Culture Policy; The Theories and Methods of Support for Arts and Culture. He was awarded a Prize for Local Cultural Promotion (Hibi Science & Technology Foundation) in 2002 and a Prize from the Japan Society of Regional Science in 2005.

photo_mori

Research

MŌRI
Yoshitaka

毛利嘉孝

In the Age of ‘Crisis’

As we enter the twenty-first century, we are witnessing a critical turning point in our history. Art and culture is no exception. New forms of art and culture are emerging rapidly in response to the processes of globalization, transformations in politics and the economy, and developments in technology.

We should not of course, be too optimistic. This new era could also be regarded as a period of ‘crisis.’ Neo-liberal globalization, the logic of late capitalism and radical developments in technology cannot guarantee us a better future. Art and culture, and the related fields of the humanities and the social sciences, are all facing a tough crisis. The term crisis does not, however, refer only to the deadlock point where everything collapses: rather, as Gramsci has suggested, it is a ‘critical’ moment in which current cultural, political and economical formations are being re-organized into a historical conjuncture.

Our new graduate school is seeking those able to think through new approaches in con-current art and cultural practices in order to overcome this crisis with “pessimism because of intelligence, but optimism because of will.” In particular, we are seeking those who are actively engaged in the development of both art-cultural theory and practice across inter-disciplinary fields and with a trans-national perspective.

My main research topics are primarily the inter-relations between the arts, culture, society and politics; grounded in the fields of sociology, cultural studies and media studies. By specialising in ‘research’ you will have the opportunity to study, for instance; the connections between contemporary art and society, modernity and postmodernity and also the interconnections in contemporary culture, the creative industries, the transformation of the city, social movements and comparative cultural studies in Asia. You will also be able to explore topics related to your own research area within this programme.

As only a limited number of students can enter this course, we are able to create a flexible educational programme that can be aligned with each student’s research theme, and their regular lectures and seminars. We are greatly looking forward to working with those individuals who, together, are able to study, think and mobilize in order to produce new forms of art and culture in this age of ‘crisis’.

——
MŌRI Yoshitaka
Professor in Sociology and Cultural Studies. BA in Economics, Kyoto University, MA in Media and Communications and Ph.D. in Sociology, Goldsmiths College, London. His research interests are postmodern culture, media, art, the city and transnationalism. His publications include: Street no Shiso (The Philosophy in the Streets) NHK Publications, 2009 (available in Japanese and in Korean) and “Culture=Politics: The Emergence of New Cultural Forms of Protest in the age of Freeter” in Inter-Asia Cultural Studies 6/1, 2005; “The Pitfall Facing the Cool Japan Project: The Transnational Development of the Anime Industry Under the Condition of Post-Fordism” in International Journal of Japanese Sociology, The Japan Sociological Society, Wiley-Blackwel 2011, No 20; “J-Pop Goes the World: A New Global Fandom in the Age of Digital Media” in Made in Japan: Studies in Popular Music, T. Mitsui (Ed), Routledge, 2014; “New Collectivism, Participation and Politics after the East Japan Great Earthquake”, World Art, Routledge/Taylor & Francis, 5/2, 2015 (all in English).